The Art Of Producing Blanc De Blanc: A Journey Through The Winemaking Process

Posted on: 7 April 2023

As a lover of fine wines, you're likely familiar with the delicate and sophisticated Blanc de Blanc. Often made from 100% Chardonnay grapes, this wine captivates the palate with its crisp acidity, bright fruit flavors, and elegant minerality, making it a great pairing partner for summer salads, seafood, and poultry as well as a good sipping wine. But have you ever wondered about the artistry and skill that goes into producing this exceptional wine? After all, many wine enthusiasts consider learning about how a particular wine is made to be an important part of wine appreciation.

Here's what you need to know about the winemaking process, from vineyard to bottle.

Cultivating the Perfect Grapes

The foundation of any great Blanc de Blanc wine starts with the Chardonnay grapes. Vineyards dedicated to producing these wines pay meticulous attention to factors such as soil composition, climate, and vineyard management. With a focus on producing high-quality fruit, grape growers carefully monitor the vines' health, strategically prune, and harvest the grapes at the optimal time to preserve their unique flavors and acidity.

The Art of Pressing

Once the grapes are harvested, they're brought to the winery for pressing. In Blanc de Blanc winemaking, only the juice from the first pressing is used, ensuring the highest quality and purity. This gentle approach helps to preserve the grapes' natural flavors, acidity, and delicate aromas, laying the foundation for a truly exceptional wine.

Fermentation and Clarification

Following pressing, the grape juice undergoes fermentation, where yeast converts the sugar into alcohol. During this stage, winemakers may use different techniques, such as barrel fermentation or stainless steel tanks, to influence the wine's flavor profile. After fermentation, the wine is clarified, a process that removes solids and impurities, resulting in a clear, clean wine.

Aging and Maturation

Blanc de Blanc wines can be aged in various ways, such as in stainless steel tanks, oak barrels, or even on their lees (the dead yeast cells from fermentation). Each method imparts distinct characteristics to the wine. Stainless steel tanks preserve the wine's bright fruit flavors, while oak barrels can add complexity and depth. Aging on the lees contributes to the wine's creamy texture and enhances its aromatic profile.

Blending and Bottling

The final step in the winemaking process is blending, where different batches of wine are combined to achieve the desired flavor, aroma, and balance. Once the blend is perfected, the wine is bottled and sealed to preserve its quality. Depending on the style and desired complexity, Blanc de Blanc wines may be aged further in the bottle before release. 

Contact a local liquor store, such as Daveco Beer, Wine & Spirits, to learn more.